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melocotonero

The peach tree or also (Prunus persica) are fruit trees of the Rosaceae family, need warm regions for its cultivation, and are collected in the summer season during the months of June to August,

It contains vitamins A, B1, B2, B6 and C and minerals (potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, calcium, sulphur, chlorine, manganese, copper and iron), and beta carotene.

 

 Cultivation and harvesting

campo

 Being a fruit that is harvested in summer, the tree has no flowers in winter and is almost practically leafless in winter so it supports very well the cold weather, unlike all the orange.

 The tree will greatly affect the wind gusts coming to throw down many fruits (especially at harvest time), during the winter is not necessary watering but if it is advisable to increase watering and fertilizing before the process of collecting the fruit, much affected by the fruit fly being more affected trees are always on the perimeter of the field (there is its entrance area), as well as orange is required clarify, remove fruit from the tree for those who stay be larger, pruning should be at least once every two years, during harvesting is not advisable amass a lot of weight in the drawers because fruit is very crushable.

 

 Major varieties

melocotones

 Baby Gold, within in differing in numbers 4,5,6 .... All are very similar, with a lot of sugar, brown meat, juicy red.

 Calanda, Teruel area, this takes designation of origin and its original variety is the San Miguel, one of the most prized and expensive in the market due to low competition in the time

 Yellow or Catherine, in the region of Murcia, good size and good flavor, one of the earliest

 Tirrenia, very early, good flavor but poor maintenance.

 The Spain areas where are most grown are Lleida, Valencia, Murcia, Teruel and Zaragoza.

 

 Pests

 Anarsia (Anarsia lineatella Zell.) When is adult is a butterfly of 12-15 mm, puts larvae in spring that feed on the stems of the leaves

Anarsia 

 Oriental peach moth (Cydia molesta Busck.) Like the previous one, is a butterfly of 10 mm in length, attacks the buds of leaves and fruits

 cydia

 Red Spider, is a mite and feeds on the leaves and the fruit of the tree, we will be able to see yellowish spots on the leaves and fruits a dirty gray color.

  aranyaRoja

Fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata), the fly chop the fruit and let the eggs, the larvae feed on the fruit causing rot and ripen quickly.

  moscaFruta

 

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