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naranjas

 

Who has not ever taste a rich orange juice?

The orange is a citrus, contains vitamins A (important for vision and growth, skin growth, improves the immune system), B (improves heart health, arteries and promotes nervous system), G (also called vitamin B-2 promotes the absorption of proteins, greases and carbohydrates) and C (antioxidant, facilitates the absorption of other vitamins and strengthens the immune system), calcium (essential in bones development ), magnesium (necessary for development of bones and teeth), iron (responsible for producing hemoglobin (oxygen-carrying substance in the blood)) and phosphorus (good for the brain and the growth of teeth and bones).

All this in a simple orange!!

campos

 

 The orange tree does not tolerate frost, if downward -3 º C for more than three hours the fruit is frozen inside, you can see the orange top with yellow leaves (as burnt and dry), we know if an orange has been affected from the five days of frost, t o open in the center has a whiter color, exterior areas results more affected to not be so protected by branches.

 

It is also quite sensitive to wind, many oranges are not collect because the wind has dropped to the ground and are not valid, requires a lot of water for cultivation, today used the drip irrigation, more than the irrigation ditches, when the fruit is small even removes some fruit tree to produce fruit that larger and more colourful by not supporting the shaft so load, requires pruning every 2 or 3 years.

navelina

There are many varieties of oranges in Spain, and each has its own harvest time, the best known are:

Navelina

The most cultivated of all, and one of the most consumed for the juice.

Navelate

It contains seeds and is very juicy

Lane late

One of the later to collect, even until late May, early June, very sweet and tasty.

Salustiana

With plenty of juice, is collected from February to March

Orange's pest

 Citrus leafminer (Phyllocnistis citrella), It was introduced in Spain more than 10 years ago, is a small butterfly of 8 millimetres with open wings, which lays eggs in the most tender leaves, their larvae are going feeding on the leaves, which causes that are not renewed the leaves and the naranjo lost vitality and finish by drying, not only affects the orange tree, some citrus fruit such as lemon, grapefruit, etc.

minador

 

Whitefly, are small whiteflies of about 3 mm that suck the sap of the leaves, which causes a loss of vigor of the plant

 moscaBlanca

 

Cochineal, as well as the white fly feeds on the salvia of the leaves, and part of the sap that ingest the excreted as molasses, which then settles a fungus called bold, we'll look at the leaves of the Naranjo as black or dirty

cochinilla

 

Red Spider, is a mite and feeds on the leaves and the fruit of the tree, we will be able to see yellowish spots on the leaves and fruits a dirty gray color.

aranyaRoja

 

In another article we will discuss the mandarins.

Hope that helped, if you want to give some advice, please send us your feedback

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