Saiga, habitat, physical characteristics and Reproduces


The saiga is an artiodactyl mammal belonging to the family Bovidae . Usually distriubuirse central Asia , being from southern Russia to northwestern China reaching areas of Mongolia , the largest number of them are in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan.

The saiga form large herds that inhabit semi-desert steppes. They usually feed on a variety of plants , including some that are poisonous to other animals. They can cover long distances and also cross rivers .

These medium-sized antelope , measuring between 60 to 80 cm tall at the withers and weigh between 25 and 51 kg . The male is larger than the female, besides being the only one with horns, these are yellowish or grayish and can measure between 25 and 30 cm. His nose is long, wide and also very mobile and this type of nose usually have her elephants, some monkeys , etc. . 's What they say helps the animal to filter dust and heat the cold, dry air of the sites that inhabits .

Their mating season usually begins in November, when they fight each other for possession of the females , the winner may get to lead a herd of 50 females, although typically from 5 . A curious thing about these animals is that the first stop usually have twins, and then we only have one.

The saiga are in danger of extinction due to poaching , both to get their skins to get their prized horns in traditional Chinese medicine. Which has bestowed its population of half a million was in the 90 to 40000 copies found today .